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Gynecology and obstetrics - Serbian Journal of the Medical Chamber

Abnormal uterine bleeding in women of reproductive age

INTRODUCTION Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is any bleeding that deviates from the normal cycle/frequency, length, and quantity of menstrual bleeding, and represents one of the most frequent health problems in women in the reproductive period [1,2]. Also, it is a significant public health issue....

Extreme obesity and total laparoscopic hysterectomy – case report

INTRODUCTION Obesity is a serious health problem of modern society. Obese women are at higher risk of developing certain gynecological diseases including endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial carcinoma [1]. In addition, excessive body weight makes it difficult to perform surgical procedures in...

Human imunodeficiency virus infection in pregnancy

INTRODUCTION The first patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) were described in 1981, and two years later, the cause of the disease was identified - human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) [1]. At the end of 2020, around 37.7 million people were infected with HIV worldwide, of whom 36...

Hypertension in pregnancy

Editors: Svetlana Vrzić Petronijević, Miloš PetronijevićPublisher: CIBID, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, 2020 ISNB 978-86-7117-608-8 The terms: hypertension in pregnancy, EPH-gestosis, pregnancy toxicosis, pregnancy induced hypertension – PIH, and all the terminology within...

Maternofetal interaction and modulation in creating a new population: a review of current evidence on the relationship between fetal nutrition and the development of chronic diseases later in life

INTRODUCTION According to the fetal origins hypothesis, changes in fetal growth result in adaptations that determine vulnerability to cardiovascular, metabolic, and endocrine diseases during one’s lifetime. “Programming” is a phenomenon which implies long-term and irreversible alterations in metabolic...

Perinatal complications of pregnancies complicated by uterine fibroids

INTRODUCTION Myomas (fibromas or leiomyomas) are the most common tumors of the female reproductive organs [1,2]. They consist of smooth muscle cells, fibroblasts and extracellular matrix [3]. A profuse amount of extracellular matrix, which is made up of glycosaminoglycans and densely packed interstitial...

Preimplantation genetic testing

INTRODUCTION Preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) encompasses procedures, previously known as preimplantation genetic diagnostics (PGD) and preimplantation genetic screening (PGS). According to the PGT Consortium of the ESHRE (European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology), PGT is defined...

SIPOC method of optimizing the clinical process in obstetrics

INTRODUCTION The issue of implementing contemporary models at the tertiary level of healthcare is currently a particularly relevant topic. The SIPOC method (suppliers, inputs, process, outputs, customers) has found its application in the management of different organizations [1,2], and the challenge...

Spontaneous uterine rupture during pregnancy

INTRODUCTION Uterine rupture is a life-threatening complication of pregnancy which is associated with a high incidence of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality [1]. In developed countries it occurs rarely and is most commonly a complication of a previous caesarean section, or less frequently...

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