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History of medicine

The personal effects of professor Smilja Kostić-Joksić, phd within the dr. Aleksandar Kostić legacy in Grocka

Zorica Atić1
  • Grocka Cultural Center

ABSTRACT

The Republic of Serbia was, after World War II, amongst the countries whose population underwent intensive BCG immunization, and the doctor who immensely contributed to the widespread application of the BCG vaccine in the territory of Yugoslavia (FPRY) was awarded the Legion of Honor in 1952. It was only in 2020. that the public learned that this doctor was Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić, renowned pediatrician, Professor at the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade, scientist, honorary member of the Serbian Medical Society  and the Association of Pneumophthisiologists of Yugoslavia, member of the Association of Pediatricians in Paris, the first woman to become assistant professor at the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade, wife of the well-known scientist, Professor Aleksandar Đ. Kostić, and the mother of eminent composer and gastronome Vojislav Voki Kostić. During her successful career, in addition to her efforts in teaching pediatrics, she also worked as Chief Physician at the outpatient department of the Children’s Hospital and as a doctor at the Counselling Center for Infants. She published over 120 papers in Serbian and French, in national and international journals, amongst them a large number of popular articles in the field of pediatrics. Half a century after her removal from the Faculty of Medicine and 20 years after her death, she was posthumously morally exonerated in 2001. The public was reminded of the importance of Dr. Kostić-Joksić and her work when work started on her husband’s bequest. In 2018, the Dr. Aleksandar Kostić Legacy in the Municipality of Grocka was presented as a part of the newly restored heritage site Gročanska čaršija, within a gallery space adapted for this purpose at the Ilija Garašanin Library, where, just like in life, Dr. Smiljka Kostić found her place alongside her distinguished husband. Some of her few remaining personal belongings are on display, amongst them handbooks and other clinical laboratory diagnostics titles published in Serbia, as well as photo documentation that was compiled during her clinical work on tuberculosis issues in children.


THE PERSONAL EFFECTS OF PROFESSOR SMILJA KOSTIĆ-JOKSIĆ WITHIN THE DR. ALEKSANDAR KOSTIĆ LEGACY IN GROCKA

 In light of the current pandemic, during the year 2020, the public opinion of a part of the medical profession could be heard that mortality from the Covid-19 virus was lesser in countries where BCG vaccination was being implemented, as compared to countries where this type of immunization had not been carried out or had been abandoned in the previous decades. It was proposed that the BCG vaccine has some nonspecific beneficial effects, i.e. that it provides partial protection from other diseases, and not just against tuberculosis, which it was designed to prevent. The Republic of Serbia was one of the countries to undergo intensive BCG immunization, after World War II, and the doctor who immensely contributed to the widespread application of the vaccine in the territory of Yugoslavia was awarded the Legion of Honor. It was only in 2020 that the wider public learned that this doctor was Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić, renowned pediatrician, Professor at the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade, scientist, wife of the well-known and versatile scientist and founder of the Institute of Histology and Embryology of the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade – Professor Aleksandar Đ. Kostić, and the mother of the eminent composer and gastronome – Vojislav Voki Kostić [1].

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Photo 1. Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić, 1939 (Archives of the Grocka Cultural Center)

 The public was reminded of the importance of Dr. Kostić-Joksić and her work when work started on her husband’s bequest and on the presentation of the collection from the former Grocka Heritage Museum. The Kostić family’s connection to Grocka, an old town by the Danube, is based, not only on their summer house in Dubočaj, but also on the collection of archaeological and paleontological artefacts, which was, over time, compiled by Professor Kostić, and then bequeathed to the Municipality of Grocka [2].The collection comprises valuable finds from his estate, which, it transpires, is a significant archeological site [2],[3],[4].

Aleksandar Kostić found himself in Grocka, for the first time, during the Great War:

It is with great excitement that I remember my first encounter with Grocka, 63 years ago, at the beginning of World War I, during a massive German offensive, when I was stationed as troop doctor for the VII Infantry Regiment, based in Grocka. At the time, our trenches, preventing the enemy from crossing the river holms, were located on a ridge by the river bank in Dubočaj; and no one suspected that this strategic ridge would later uncover the precious remains of our prehistoric past [2].

Retracing his memories of the beautiful scenery of Grocka, which had remained engraved in his mind during the battle of war, and bewitched anew with the pastoral surroundings offering a full view of the Danube, Aleksandar Kostić bought a vineyard from the Garašanin family [5], in1931, and started building a house in Dubočaj, without the knowledge of his wife.

... fate brought me back to the ridge in Dubočaj, where, this time, I procured a patch of land for repose, and I built a summer house, where I ended up writing most of my books [2].

He decided to make a special surprise for his wife, Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić, for their wedding anniversary. Years later, their son, Voki Kostić described this happy memory, many times retold:

My mother Smilja would often reminisce, with great delight, about the time when father took her for an outing to Grocka, by ship. While walking amongst the vineyards, orchards, meadows overgrown with flowers, they passed a solitary, newly built house. She asked him: “Why, Aleksandar, whose might be this lovely house?”. And my father replied: “It is yours, Smilja”, and he handed her the key tied with a ribbon! [1].

Building the summer house, Aleksandar Kostić unearthed a significant archeological site [2]. During several decades, Kostić put together a rich and diverse collection, containing significant paleontological finds, encompassing the archaeological period from the Neolithic Starčevo culture to the modern times. After being catalogued and excavated, which was initiated by Professor Kostić, the Dubočaj archaeological site was identified as Mutatio ad sextum militare [3],[4],[6]. According to Roman itinerariums, it was located on the sixth Roman mile from Tricornium (today: Ritopek), with which it served as a defense for the road Singidunum – Viminacium. The first ancient villa rustica in Serbia was discovered in Dubočaj, as well as a Roman landowner’s tomb. These finds are of great importance in the study of economic and political developments on the broader territory of Singidunum [6]. Dr. Kostić bequeathed his collection of artefacts to the Belgrade Municipality of Grocka, intending it to be displayed as an “incentive for further exploration” [1],[2]. After Kostić’s death, in 1983, his son, Vojislav Voki Kostić, donated his father’s library and numerous personal items to the Municipality of Grocka, as an addition to the collection, thus forming the Legacy [7].

Aleksandar Kostić’s Dubočaj collection was initially displayed in 1982, in the Rančić Family House, in Grocka1 , under the name – Grocka Heritage Museum, in collaboration with the National Museum and the Municipality of Grocka [6],[9],[10]. After that, due to frequent personnel and institutional changes in the 1980s [9] and the 1990s, and because of the lack of proper maintenance of the building, it was temporarily removed, and then – forgotten [1],[11],[12],[13].2 However, in 2015, the Grocka Cultural Center initiated a recataloguing and renewed display of Professor Kostić’s preserved bequest, which was soon made possible during the restoration of the heritage site Gročanska čaršija3 . Within the Čaršija, with the support of the Municipality of Grocka, the restoration and adaptation of the Ilija Garašanin4 Library was carried out, in 2016, in order to form a gallery in the atrium of the building that would host a permanent exhibit [7]. By a contract signed between the Municipality of Grocka and the Grocka Cultural Center, the Center became officially entrusted with the Legacy, in collaboration with the Belgrade City Museum, as the institution in charge [14],[15]. On October 4, 2018, as a part of the European Heritage Days event, the Dr. Aleksandar Kostić Legacy was officially opened in the newly established gallery at the Ilija Garašanin Library, providing Grocka with a museum exhibit of artefacts which are a testimony to its long-lasting history, but also a reminder of the prominent individuals of national medicine, culture and history, who made the exhibition possible [7].

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Photo 2. The Dr. Aleksandar Kostić Legacy in Grocka (Photo by: Danica Trajković)

 During their work on cataloguing and processing the material from the Dr. Kostić bequest, the members of the cataloguing committee and the authors of the exhibit from the Grocka Cultural Center, the Belgrade City Museum and the Urban Development Center5 , discovered many important pieces of information and data regarding the life and work of the distinguished scientist6 , certain valuable pieces, but also regarding his wife and the importance of her work, as well. It transpired that Vojislav Voki Kostić had added, not only his father’s, but also his mother’s limited collection of items to the items of the exhibit.

Professor Smilja Kostić-Joksić, PhD, was a member of the Association of Pediatricians in Paris, honorary member of the Association of Pneumophthisiologists of Yugoslavia, honorary member of the Serbian Medical Society; she was awarded the Legion of Honor, and the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade awarded her with the Golden Plaque for Special Achievements in the Development of the Faculty of Medicine [19]. Although she was a prominent pediatrician, an esteemed scientist and researcher Professor at the Department of Pediatrics of the Faculty of Medicine, Head of the first Children’s Outpatient Clinic in Belgrade which operated as a part of the Children’s Hospital, founder of the Counselling Center for Infants, author of numerous professional and research papers in the field of pediatrics, the first female assistant professor at the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade, Dr. Smilja KostićJoksić (1895-1981) is very little known to the public [20].

This is why what is left of her personal items also found its place in the exhibit. Wishing to present to the wider public the personality and the importance of the work of Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić, the authors adapted the concept of the exhibit in order to display, within the gallery of her distinguished husband’s Legacy, the few remaining items belonging to her (which makes them all the more valuable). In order to introduce her name and her work to the public, a Wikipedia page with her name was opened in 2020, and details from her life and her work were also published in numerous articles, segments and reports, in electronic and printed media, and on TV [17, 18].

It transpires that her memory is still alive amongst the people of Grocka. According to oral and written testimony of the inhabitants of Grocka, whenever Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić would spend time in Dubočaj, a long and winding line of parents with sick children on carts and wagons would crowd the steep road leading to the Kostić’s summer house, where she treated the children – for free. [5]. She is remembered as a very devoted and knowledgeable doctor, who was very adept at reaching diagnoses and treating patients and who tirelessly counselled mothers on the importance of hygiene, at the same time giving advice on the upbringing of children [21, 22]. In his writings, Vojislav Voki Kostić wrote short accounts and anecdotes about her dedication and unparalleled expertise, while certain events and situations were noted down by her former patients and students, who had visited the Dr. Aleksandar Kostić Legacy in Grocka.

The Grocka Legacy contains the following remaining belongings of Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić: albums with photo documentation on the clinical presentation of tuberculosis in children and infants (very moving pictures of pathological changes resulting from tuberculous processes), professional and research papers and separate editions pertaining to clinical laboratory diagnostics in Serbia, such as: Vaccination au BCG (suites vaccinales), Tuberculosis infantum, Promene u vezisa BCG vakcinacijom (Belgarde, 1950), Dix années d’application de la Vaccination des enfants par le BCG (Belgrade, 1939), La réviviscence de la cuti-réaction a la tuberculine au coursd’une infection non spécifique chez un enfant qui a été vaccine au BCG a la naissanc (Paris, 1937), Tuberkulozna oboljenja kod male dece, Vol. 12, (Belgrade, 1933), Zaštitno kalemljenje novorođenčadi protiv tuberkuloze; O nicanju zuba, Vol. 75 and 76 (Belgrade, 1932). The famous Priručnik za majke (The Mother’s Handbook), (Belgrade, 1958) is also on display, as well as her medical kit – a box with needles and fragmented syringes, a glass dish with syringes in different sizes, a cassette for instrument sterilization. Of particular interest is the sign of her pediatric surgery, which testifies to the existence of the private practice run by Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić, in the mid-20th century. Her framed portrait photo, taken by Aleksandar Kostić in 1915, is also a part of the collection.

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Photo 3. The sign of the surgery run by Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić (Dr. Aleksandar Kostić Legacy in Grocka)

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Photo 4. Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić’s Legion of Honor (Archives of the Grocka Cultural Center)

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Photo 5. Serbian Medical Society Diploma (Archives of the Grocka Cultural Center)

 Thanks to the generouspresent bestowed upon the Legacy by the heirs of the Dubočaj summer house, in addition to the family photos, other personal effects of the Kostić’s were also preserved; the diploma of the Serbian Medical Society awarding honorary membership to Dr. Kostić-Joksić, in 1978, as well as the Legion of Honor diploma, from 1952.5

The great granddaughter of Toma Vučić-Perišić [21], also distinguished herself in bravery. During the Balkan Wars (1912– 1913), as a seventeen-year-old schoolgirl, Smilja Joksić volunteered as a nurse at the Military Hospital in Belgrade. By the end of the warfare, she was awarded the Cross of Charity and the Order of the Serbian Red Cross, and not long after, in 2014, at the beginning of World War I, she was a nurse again, in the Serbian town of Kragujevac [19].

Smilja Joksić was born on December 30, 1895, in Belgrade. Her father was Momčilo Joksić, aide-da-camp of the King’s Guard, and her mother was Staka Pačić. She was the second of seven children. She attended primary and secondary school in Belgrade where she passed her matriculation exam in 1913, upon which she started technical studies [23]. However, wishing to become a doctor she started studying medicine in the academic year 1915/1926, in Lausanne, and continued these studies in France, in Montpellier, at the same time working at the Eye Clinic. After graduation and upon marrying her colleague, Aleksandar Kostić, she moved to Strasbourg, to the Children’s Clinic, to work with Professor Rombauer. She defended he doctoral thesis in 1921 and attained the title of medical doctor. In 1922, the couple returned to Belgrade, as Aleksandar Kostić was appointed Professor of Histology, at the newly founded Faculty of Medicine.7 When the Institute of Histology of the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade was given its own premises, in the 1920s, Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić became the first teaching assistant at that department, and in 1925, assistant at the newly founded Pediatric Hospital, where she established the Children’s Outpatient Clinic and then became the Head of this facility [19],[20],[23],[24].

 Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić applied modern, internationally accepted methods in her research, teaching and clinical practice. As she spoke both German and French, in addition to writing, she also engaged in translating medical literature. She published over 120 professional and research papers and popular articles in the field of pediatrics, in Serbian and French, in national and international journals [19]. During her career, in addition to her efforts in teaching pediatrics, she worked as Chief Physician of the Children’s Outpatient Department at the Children’s Hospital and as a doctor at the Counselling Center for Infants, where she counselled mothers on the care and diet of infants. In addition to research in the field of heart and cardiovascular diseases, application of antibiotics and metabolism and eating disorders in children [19], in the late 1920s, her professional interest became focused on a great public health issue – tuberculosis in children, as well as on the organization of its prevention.8 She directed her attention especially on researching the protective effects of the BCG vaccine and working on its application.9 The results she achieved demonstrated the practical value and harmlessness of the, then often disputed, BCG vaccine, and were evaluated as significant scientific achievements at the Pasture Institute and pediatric clinics in Paris and Stockholm. [19].

Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić became Assistant Professor at the Department of Pediatrics in 1939, thereby becoming the first woman assistant professor of the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade. At the beginning of World War II, in 1941, she was removed from the Faculty, as she declined to sign the Appeal to the Serbian Nation [1], only to be reinstated two years later, where she remained at the same post and with the same title until the end of the war. She became associate professor at the Department of Pediatrics in 1948and was appointed the Head of the main department of the Children’s Hospital in Belgrade [19].

In the first years after the war (1945-1948), Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić put all her efforts into the organization of treatment and prevention of tuberculosis, aiming to eradicate this disease in children, as it was widespread throughout the territory of Yugoslavia. Her dedication to the eradication of tuberculosis through vaccination and education was well known and respected at the international professional level. In honor of the results she achieved and the exceptional dedication with which she advocated the application of BCG vaccination in infants, the President of the French Republic presented her with the Legion of Honor in 1952, and, on that occasion, as a sign of particular respect, he also presented her with a diamond brooch with the BCG acronym on it. [1].

However, on the domestic front, some of the beliefs and actions of this dedicated doctor were not viewed kindly. Namely, after the war, Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić did not engage in any of the political and ideological organizations and was therefore labelled as a professor who was expressing a hostile position towards the socialist community [20]. Her ideological and political views did not fit into the new society, where the individual, and especially University professors were required to collaborate and be loyal. One should bear in mind that the Kostić’s elder son Ivan (Vanja) was killed in battle, in 1943, as a member of the Ravna Gora Movement, while, in the years after the war, the younger son Vojislav (Voki) was sentenced to three years in prison for distributing propaganda material, but was released after serving a year [1],[21].

In the coming years her attitude towards accepting the ideological matrix and values of the socialist society did not change. University professors were considered important in the process of educating and forming the minds of the communist youth, and “disloyalty and hostile attitudes towards the new socialist authorities” were considered as an especially grave offense [20], which is why she was under constant criticism and pressure exerted by the communist regime. In the edition of the paper Narodni student, published on November 4, 1953, within the campaign led against Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić and other “unsuited and reactionary” professors, an article was published with the title: Why the students of medicine are protesting: Teachers must be pedagogues, as well, with the following comments stated at the Students’ Association conference:

Prof. Smilja Kostić-Joksić, Phd, tendentiously explained the rise in tuberculosis in children of Yugoslavia with the worsening of living conditions after the victory of the Revolution. At international medical congresses and in private conversations and correspondence she directly offended our national dignity and the socialist structure of our society, to the astonishment of even foreign scientists. (In an article in the French paper “Courrier”, she exaggerated her own accomplishments in the field of pediatrics, for the purpose of self-promotion, without even mentioning the scientific accomplishments of Croatian and Slovenian doctors). It is especially noteworthy – as one of the participants in the discussion stated – how, as of late, and in passing, Professor Smilja Kostić, PhD, has been warning and instructing students, at her examinations and lectures, to “refrain from interfering in the business of professors and rather would be better off reading a book in the park, than criticizing their professors”. This tendency towards making the students politically passive warrants no further comment [1],[24].

After an orchestrated political campaign of the party and student organizations during 1953, Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić was finally officially morally and politically discredited.10 She was suspended from teaching duties at the Faculty of Medicine by the Decision of the Board of Education and Culture of the People’s Republic of Serbia and was formally forced into retirement on June 1, 1954 [19],[20]. In the years after the war, a very similar procedure was carried out against a whole group of professors of the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade, amongst them, her husband, who was removed from the Faculty in 1952 [1],[19],[20].

Smilja Joksić and Aleksandar Kostić were inseparable from their earliest years, they were life-long companions and partners who spent many decades in mutual support and understanding. They were married in 1919, in Montpellier (France), and then in Nice, in the Orthodox Christian Church of St. Nicholas.11 Both the husband and wife were very knowledgeable and had great expertise, they were educated in France, together they declined to sign the Appeal to the Serbian Nation, and in 1941 they were removed from the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade – only to be reinstated together – and finally, banished again in 1952, i.e. 1954. They were both awarded the Legion of Honor – the President of France awarded Professor Kostić for his contribution to science in 1940, and in 1952, the pediatrician Professor Smilja Kostić-Joksić was awarded, as well. At that moment, there was but only one more married couple in the world who were both recipients of this high decoration – Pierre and Marie Curie. [1]. There are two titles amongst the objects displayed at the Dr. Aleksandar Kostić Legacy in Grocka, which remain as a tribute to this family’s harmony; they are a testimony of the mutual respect of husband and wife, but also of the respect of a son towards his father. In 1968, Smilja Kostić-Joksić wrote and, as gift for his 75th birthday, gave her husband the manuscript Osvrt na život i rad prof. dr Aleksandra Đ. Kostića (Overview of the life and work of Professor Aleksandar Đ. Kostića, PhD) [1]. Several decades later, in 2004, Vojislav Kostić, published his work: Život sa neprebolnim bolom u duši (Prof. dr Aleksandar Đ. Kostić 1893- 1983) – Life with never Passing Sorrow in My Soul (Prof. Aleksandar Đ. Kostić, PhD 1893-1983) –based on authentic documents, photographs, manuscripts, journals, film and music recordings, which represents a detailed life story and testimonial of the personality and work of his father, whose memory he strived to preserve.12

For 70 years, they lived together and together they reached old age. After their removal from the Faculty of Medicine, during the last three decades of her life, Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić dedicated her work to private practice, at the same time assisting her husband in his writing and in his research and explorations. There is a note of this written by Dr. Aleksandar Kostić, who, in his preface to the Medical Dictionary, states:

A part of the history of this dictionary are also some, to me very dear, pieces of information, which I feel I need to note, with the deepest respect. An exceptionally important role in the organization of the records was played by my wife Smilja. Her persistent and impressive cooperation, without rest or repose, by far surpasses assistance and becomes co-authorship. For her truly Herculean effort, I owe her the deepest gratitude. A part of our life together has been woven into this dictionary. [1],[26].

She died on June 5, 1981, in their family apartment in 1 Dositejeva Street, Belgrade, which overlooks the National Theater [1],[21]. Thanks to the efforts of their son Voki Kostić, the husband and wife are buried together in the Alley of Distinguished Citizens at the Belgrade New Cemetery, with a special precedent13, whereby, according to their wish, the following is written on their memorial [1]:

INSEPARABLE IN LIFE
INSEPARABLE IN DEATH

Half a century upon being removed from the Faculty of Medicine and 20 years after her death, Smilja Kostić-Joksić was posthumously morally exonerated in 2001, and was the only woman from the group of 31 professors, which also included her husband [23]. At the official session of the Council of the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade, a Decision was passed to suspend “all decisions and orders related to the removal of professors from the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade”[1],[20],[23].

In 2018, within the reconstructed cultural historic site Gročanska čaršija, which is of great significance to the Republic of Serbia [27], at the gallery located inside the Ilija Garašanin Library, the Dr. Aleksandar Kostić Legacy was presented to the public, where, just as in life, Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić, found her place alongside her distinguished husband.

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Photo 6. The Kostić couple, 1939 (Archives of the Grocka Cultural Center)

Informations

Volume 1 No 2

December 2020

Pages 161-172
  • Keywords:
    Dr. Smilja Kostić-Joksić, BCG vaccine, Dr. Aleksandar Kostić Legacy, Grocka, personal effects, Legion of Honor, tuberculosis
  • Received:
    17 November 2020
  • Revised:
    29 November 2020
  • Accepted:
    01 December 2020
  • Online first:
    25 December 2020
  • DOI:
  • Cite this article:
    Atić Z. The personal effects of professor Smilja Kostić-Joksić, PhD within the dr. Aleksandar Kostić legacy in Grocka. Serbian Journal of the Medical Chamber. 2020;1(2):161-72. doi: 10.5937/SMCLK2002161A
Corresponding author

Zorica Atić
Rančić Family House
9 Majevička Street, Belgrade - Grocka, Serbia
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


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    22. Stojilović M. Vojislav Voki Kostić. Kragujevac. Teatar „Joakim Vujić“. 2007.

    23. Jovanović-Simić J. Dr Smilja A. Kostić-Joksić, vitez Legije časti. U: Međunarodni naučni skup Srpsko-francuski odnosi 1904-2004, Beograd, 18-20. oktobar 2004. ur. Pavlović M, Novaković J, 419–424. Beograd. Društvo za kulturnu saradnju Srbija-Francuska i Arhiv Srbije. 2005.

    24. Ljubiša Rakić. Zašto protestuju studenti medicine: nastavnici moraju bitii vaspitači. Narodni student. 1953; November 4; XVIII(20):3.

    25. Bondžić D. Кomunistička vlast i nastavnici Medicinskog fakulteta u Beogradu 1945 – 1955. Istorija medicine, farmacije i narodne medicine, Zbornik radova sa XV naučnog skupa održanog 24-25. maja 2006. u Zaječaru, Beograd-Zaječar. Institut za savremenu istoriju, Istorijski arhiv Timočka krajina Zaječar. 2007.

    26. Kostić A. Višejezički medicinski rečnik. Medicinska knjiga, Beograd. 1971.

    27. Živković N. Gročanska čaršija. Beograd. ZZZSКGB. 2019.


REFERENCES

1. Kostić VA. Život sa neprebolnim bolom u duši (Prof. dr Aleksandar Đ.Kostić 1893-1983). Beograd. Draganić. 2004.

2. Dopis dr Aleksandra Kostića SO Grocka od 07.07.1978. godine. Grocka: Arhiva Centra za kulturu Grocka, zav. br. 322. od 03.12.2007.

3. Arheološko nalazište Dubočaj, Grocka, U: Katalog nepokretnih kulturnih dobara na području grada Beograda, ZZZSKGB, http://beogradskonasledje.rs/kd/zavod/grocka/dubocaj.html (pristupljeno: 27. 04.2019.)

4. Popović M, Marjanović G, Popović M, Vujović B, Pavlović A. Grocka: spomeničko nasleđe. Beograd. ZZZSKGB. 1970.

5. Lazarević M. Grocka i Gročani: pisano i usmeno kazivanje o Grockoj i Gročanima u sva tri lica. (Knjiga prva: Od pamtiveka do 1914). Beograd. Novi dani. 1999.

6. Popović M. Arheološki rad Aleksandra Đ. Kostića. Legende Beogradskog univerziteta. ur. Vranić-Ignjačević M. Beograd.Univerzitetska biblioteka „Svetozar Marković“. 2005;138–173.

7. Atić Z. Toplina varoškog domaGrocke – Gročanska čaršija i Rančićeva kuća. Beograd. Centar za kulturu Grocka. 2019.

8. Živković N. Rančićeva kuća. Beograd. ZZZSКGB. 2013.

9. Joksimović V,Trbuhović L. Zavičajni muzej Grocka. Grocka: Opštinska samoupravna interesna zajednica kulture Grocka. 1982.

10. Sretenović M, Trbuhović L. Arheološka zbirka muzeja u Grockoj. ZNM XIII/1 (1988):103–110.

11. Stanojević M. Zapisi iz stare Grocke. Grocka: izdanje autora. 1998.

12. Atić Z. Nastanak i razvoj Gročanske čaršije i studija slučaja Rančićeve kuće u Grockoj. U: Godišnjak grada Beograda. knj. LXV: 187–221, ur. Spasić M. Beograd. Muzej grada Beograda. 2018.

13. Tomić T. Periskop: Grocka i Gročani izbliza. Kovin. LoPress. 2003.

14. Ugovor između Gradske opštine Grocka i Centra za kulturu Grocka. Grocka: Arhiva Centra za kulturu Grocka, zav. br. 110, 14.03.2018.

15. Dopis Centra za kulturu Grocka Muzeju grada Beograda, „Molba Muzeju grada Beograda za stručnu podršku pri formiranju i izlaganju zbirke prof. dr A. Kostića u biblioteci „Ilija Garašanin“ u Grockoj“. Grocka: Arhiva Centra za kulturu Grocka, zav. br. 503 od 13.11.2017.

16. Rasulić T. Gročanska hronika. Grocka: Izvršni savet SO Grocka. 1988.

17. Vasiljević B. Kostićeva bela vila „nadgleda” moćni Dunav. U: „Politika“ a href="/Kostić%20VA.%20Život%20sa%20neprebolnim%20bolom%20u%20duši%20(Prof.20dr%20Aleksandar%20Đ.Kostić%201893-1983).%20Beograd.%20Draganić.%202004." targ">http"//www.politika.rs/sr/clanak/430973/Beograd/Kosticeva-bela-vila-nadgleda-mocni-Dunav (pristupljeno: 13.11.2020.)

18. Sećanje na dr Smilju i Aleksandra Kostića čuva Legat u Grockoj. U: Od zlata jabuka (emisija RTS-1), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UWuWA9HFG88 (pristupljeno: 16.11.2020.)

19. Bondžić D. Kostić-Joksić, Smilja.U: Srpski biografski rečnik, tom 5.ur. Popov Č. Novi Sad.Matica Srpska. 2011; 299-300.

20. Pavlović B. Predlog moralne rehabilitacije profesora i drugog nastavnog osoblja Medicinskog fakulteta koji su iz političkih razloga udaljeni sa 1944- 1954., http://www.rastko.rs/rastko/delo/12401 (pristupljeno: 13.05.2019.)

21. Kostić V. Reč, dve o sebi. Beograd. Atelje 2012. 1995.

22. Stojilović M. Vojislav Voki Kostić. Kragujevac. Teatar „Joakim Vujić“. 2007.

23. Jovanović-Simić J. Dr Smilja A. Kostić-Joksić, vitez Legije časti. U: Međunarodni naučni skup Srpsko-francuski odnosi 1904-2004, Beograd, 18-20. oktobar 2004. ur. Pavlović M, Novaković J, 419–424. Beograd. Društvo za kulturnu saradnju Srbija-Francuska i Arhiv Srbije. 2005.

24. Ljubiša Rakić. Zašto protestuju studenti medicine: nastavnici moraju bitii vaspitači. Narodni student. 1953; November 4; XVIII(20):3.

25. Bondžić D. Кomunistička vlast i nastavnici Medicinskog fakulteta u Beogradu 1945 – 1955. Istorija medicine, farmacije i narodne medicine, Zbornik radova sa XV naučnog skupa održanog 24-25. maja 2006. u Zaječaru, Beograd-Zaječar. Institut za savremenu istoriju, Istorijski arhiv Timočka krajina Zaječar. 2007.

26. Kostić A. Višejezički medicinski rečnik. Medicinska knjiga, Beograd. 1971.

27. Živković N. Gročanska čaršija. Beograd. ZZZSКGB. 2019.

1. Kostić VA. Život sa neprebolnim bolom u duši (Prof. dr Aleksandar Đ.Kostić 1893-1983). Beograd. Draganić. 2004.

2. Dopis dr Aleksandra Kostića SO Grocka od 07.07.1978. godine. Grocka: Arhiva Centra za kulturu Grocka, zav. br. 322. od 03.12.2007.

3. Arheološko nalazište Dubočaj, Grocka, U: Katalog nepokretnih kulturnih dobara na području grada Beograda, ZZZSKGB, http://beogradskonasledje.rs/kd/zavod/grocka/dubocaj.html (pristupljeno: 27. 04.2019.)

4. Popović M, Marjanović G, Popović M, Vujović B, Pavlović A. Grocka: spomeničko nasleđe. Beograd. ZZZSKGB. 1970.

5. Lazarević M. Grocka i Gročani: pisano i usmeno kazivanje o Grockoj i Gročanima u sva tri lica. (Knjiga prva: Od pamtiveka do 1914). Beograd. Novi dani. 1999.

6. Popović M. Arheološki rad Aleksandra Đ. Kostića. Legende Beogradskog univerziteta. ur. Vranić-Ignjačević M. Beograd.Univerzitetska biblioteka „Svetozar Marković“. 2005;138–173.

7. Atić Z. Toplina varoškog domaGrocke – Gročanska čaršija i Rančićeva kuća. Beograd. Centar za kulturu Grocka. 2019.

8. Živković N. Rančićeva kuća. Beograd. ZZZSКGB. 2013.

9. Joksimović V,Trbuhović L. Zavičajni muzej Grocka. Grocka: Opštinska samoupravna interesna zajednica kulture Grocka. 1982.

10. Sretenović M, Trbuhović L. Arheološka zbirka muzeja u Grockoj. ZNM XIII/1 (1988):103–110.

11. Stanojević M. Zapisi iz stare Grocke. Grocka: izdanje autora. 1998.

12. Atić Z. Nastanak i razvoj Gročanske čaršije i studija slučaja Rančićeve kuće u Grockoj. U: Godišnjak grada Beograda. knj. LXV: 187–221, ur. Spasić M. Beograd. Muzej grada Beograda. 2018.

13. Tomić T. Periskop: Grocka i Gročani izbliza. Kovin. LoPress. 2003.

14. Ugovor između Gradske opštine Grocka i Centra za kulturu Grocka. Grocka: Arhiva Centra za kulturu Grocka, zav. br. 110, 14.03.2018.

15. Dopis Centra za kulturu Grocka Muzeju grada Beograda, „Molba Muzeju grada Beograda za stručnu podršku pri formiranju i izlaganju zbirke prof. dr A. Kostića u biblioteci „Ilija Garašanin“ u Grockoj“. Grocka: Arhiva Centra za kulturu Grocka, zav. br. 503 od 13.11.2017.

16. Rasulić T. Gročanska hronika. Grocka: Izvršni savet SO Grocka. 1988.

17. Vasiljević B. Kostićeva bela vila „nadgleda” moćni Dunav. U: „Politika“ a href="/Kostić%20VA.%20Život%20sa%20neprebolnim%20bolom%20u%20duši%20(Prof.20dr%20Aleksandar%20Đ.Kostić%201893-1983).%20Beograd.%20Draganić.%202004." targ">http"//www.politika.rs/sr/clanak/430973/Beograd/Kosticeva-bela-vila-nadgleda-mocni-Dunav (pristupljeno: 13.11.2020.)

18. Sećanje na dr Smilju i Aleksandra Kostića čuva Legat u Grockoj. U: Od zlata jabuka (emisija RTS-1), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UWuWA9HFG88 (pristupljeno: 16.11.2020.)

19. Bondžić D. Kostić-Joksić, Smilja.U: Srpski biografski rečnik, tom 5.ur. Popov Č. Novi Sad.Matica Srpska. 2011; 299-300.

20. Pavlović B. Predlog moralne rehabilitacije profesora i drugog nastavnog osoblja Medicinskog fakulteta koji su iz političkih razloga udaljeni sa 1944- 1954., http://www.rastko.rs/rastko/delo/12401 (pristupljeno: 13.05.2019.)

21. Kostić V. Reč, dve o sebi. Beograd. Atelje 2012. 1995.

22. Stojilović M. Vojislav Voki Kostić. Kragujevac. Teatar „Joakim Vujić“. 2007.

23. Jovanović-Simić J. Dr Smilja A. Kostić-Joksić, vitez Legije časti. U: Međunarodni naučni skup Srpsko-francuski odnosi 1904-2004, Beograd, 18-20. oktobar 2004. ur. Pavlović M, Novaković J, 419–424. Beograd. Društvo za kulturnu saradnju Srbija-Francuska i Arhiv Srbije. 2005.

24. Ljubiša Rakić. Zašto protestuju studenti medicine: nastavnici moraju bitii vaspitači. Narodni student. 1953; November 4; XVIII(20):3.

25. Bondžić D. Кomunistička vlast i nastavnici Medicinskog fakulteta u Beogradu 1945 – 1955. Istorija medicine, farmacije i narodne medicine, Zbornik radova sa XV naučnog skupa održanog 24-25. maja 2006. u Zaječaru, Beograd-Zaječar. Institut za savremenu istoriju, Istorijski arhiv Timočka krajina Zaječar. 2007.

26. Kostić A. Višejezički medicinski rečnik. Medicinska knjiga, Beograd. 1971.

27. Živković N. Gročanska čaršija. Beograd. ZZZSКGB. 2019.


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